Win10 builds on features found in Win8 for the most part.
File History - much overlooked. It can let you rollback changes to files located in your Libraries (but nowhere else). You can access it by going to Start..Run and typing "filehistory"
Backup and Restore - introduced in Win7, it's still there.
OneDrive - not a true backup but can be handy for your most important folders. It was just an addon but now it's fully integrated.
Full article at HowToGeek.com